NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTING NDT

NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTING NDT:

  • Introduction to NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTING NDT
  • Overview of Six Most
  • Common NDT Methods
  • Principle, Working & Application

INTRODUCTION:

  • What is  NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTING  NDT ?

                           The use of noninvasive techniques to determine the integrity of a material, component or structure or quantitatively measure some characteristic of an object.

i.e. Inspect or measure without doing harm.

What are Some Uses  of NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTING NDT Methods:

  • Flaw Detection and Evaluation
  • Leak Detection
  • Location Determination
  • Dimensional Measurements
  • Structure and Microstructure Characterization
  • Estimation of Mechanical and Physical Properties
  • Stress (Strain) and Dynamic Response Measurements
  • Material Sorting and Chemical Composition Determination

When are NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTING NDT Methods Used?

                There are NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTING NDT application at almost any stage in the production or life cycle of a component.

To assist in product development

To monitor, improve or control manufacturing processes

To verify proper processing such as heat treating

Fatigue and Creep damage prediction

To inspect fitness-for-service evaluation

Major types of NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTING  NDT:

  • Detection of surface flaws
  1. Visual
  2. Magnetic Particle Inspection
  3. Fluorescent Dye Penetrant Inspection
  • Detection of internal flaws
  1. Radiography
  2. Ultrasonic Testing
  3. Eddy current Testing

Visual Inspection:

  1. Most basic and common inspection method.
  2. Visual inspection refers to an NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTING  NDT method which uses eyes, either aided or non-aided to detect, locate and assess discontinuities or defects that appear on the surface of material under test.
  3. Tools include fiberscope’s, borescopes, magnifying glasses and mirrors.
  4. Defects such as corrosion in boiler tube, which cannot be seen with naked eyes can easily be detected and recorded by using such equipment.

APPLICATIONS:

  1. Portable video inspection unit with zoom allows inspection of large tanks and vessels, railroad tank cars, sewer lines.
  2. Remote visual inspection using a robotic crawler.
  3. Robotic crawlers permit observation in hazardous or tight areas, such as air ducts, reactors, pipelines

NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTING  NDT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTING  NDT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Advantages :-

  • Cheapest NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTING NDT method
  • Applicable at all stages of construction or manufacturing
  • Do not require extensive training
  • Capable of giving instantaneous results

Limitation :-

  • Limited to only surface inspection
  • Require good lighting
  • Require good eyesight

 

 

 

 

 

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